1. Construction of the new town and village system
This study has changed the model of traditional planning of the town and village system and proposed to build a four-level town and village system of “town center, rural central community, rural general community and general rural settlement”, which regards intensive land use as the starting point to reasonably guide and settlement and relocation of the hollow villages and sparrow villages. It has also made clear the specific requirements for the construction of the new rural community.
2. Global coverage of land use
This study has changed the method of traditional planning which focuses only on the use of urban construction land, emphasizing the planning and control of the whole-area land use and strengthening planning and arrangement for non-construction land use and rural construction land use. It specially pays attention to the spatial control of ecological land use, the amount control of land for construction of villages and towns, intensity control of collective management land use, centralized layout of rural homestead, use deployment of agricultural production land, etc.
3. The global layout of the industrial economy
This study has changed the practice of traditional planning which is only concerned about the development of the secondary and tertiary industries. Combined with farmers’ actual needs of production and living, it views the agricultural, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery and other ecological areas as the development area of the first industry included into the industrial planning layout of the towns coordinated with productive infrastructure such as irrigation canal, dam and other agricultural water conservancy facilities.
4. Global coverage of comprehensive traffic
This study has changed the practice of traditional planning which focuses on the traffic of town area, building the three levels of traffic system of “foreign traffic, urban road traffic and rural roads”. It has included rural roads into urban traffic planning and drawn the layout of the bus network to promote urban and rural public transport integration.
5. Equal public services in urban and rural areas
This study has changed the problem of traditional planning which focus only on the towns in terms of public services and municipal infrastructure. Combined with the layout of the town and village system, it pays attention to the demands of residents of the towns and villages to reasonably allocate various public services and municipal infrastructure based on the requirements of co-ordination of towns and villages, optimization and integration as well as classification. In addition, special attention is paid to the infrastructure such as primary and secondary schools, sports grounds, health stations, commercial outlets, water pipes, garbage collection points, public toilets and so on in rural central community.
6 Intensity control of urban and rural construction land use
This study has changed the practice of traditional planning which focuses on intensity control of urban construction land use. Instead, it has proposed district intensity control and corresponding control index according to the spatial layout of urban and rural construction land use. It has included the intensity control of collective management land use into town planning to guide the sub-level planning preparation such as detailed planning and village renovation planning as well as land development and construction.